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Critical Importance of Self-Discipline and Right Effort

It is also important to bear in mind that the path to living a wholesome fulfilling life taught by the Buddha is rooted firmly on a universally applicable spiritual foundation of vinaya or self-discipline and viriya or right effort and not on an Omniscient External Power or Being. Rather, one is squarely responsible for one’s thoughts, speech and actions. Everyone of us is accountable for what we do as well as for not doing what we are expected to do. The Buddha Dhamma thus presents a holistic framework for the present and future generations who are yet to come, to live successful, stress-free meaningful lives.


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